Research Report, Issue No. 54, 2021. Lessons Learnt from the Industrial and Supply Chain Layout of Japan, Germany, and the U.S
At present, China’s supply chain is facing problems in lack of independent chip innovation, absence of core technological competence, and weak basic research capabilities, with prominent pressure in developing high-end chips independently. Besides, the strategic competition between the U.S. and China exerts continuous influence on China’s industrial upgrading. The key to the security of China’s industrial and supply chains is to take a dominant position in the crucial link or core technologies of the industrial chain, or grasp the anti-sanction capacities. Under the new global circumstances, China should draw on the experience of Japan, Germany and the U.S. in deploying their industrial and supply chains. China is supposed to optimize the regional layout of industrial and supply chains to make them independent and controllable, safe and reliable, apart from which the opening-up and complementary collaboration with other countries and regions should be also adhered to, so as to realize an integral network of industrial and supply chains oriented by the Chinese market.