— Research

2019 23rd Issue: Revitalizing the Northeast economy by supporting the local private economy - 2019-07-16
[Abstract]The overall economic growth of Northeast China has slowed down since 2010, especially in Liaoning Province, which experienced a free-fall decline in 2016. By 2018, the contribution rate of Liaoning’s private economy to regional GDP was only about 45%, tax revenue was close to 30%, and urban employment was less than 64%. These figures are lower than the national average. In terms of the proportion of the private economy, the three northeastern provinces are lower than the central and western provinces such as Anhui (57.8%), Hubei (55.5%), Hunan (58.1%), and Sichuan (56.4%). The scale and strength of private enterprises in Northeast China are relatively weak. In the newly released list of the top 500 private enterprises in 2018, only nine come from the three northeastern provinces.
2019 22nd Issue: Issues and Suggestions on Building a Scientific and Technological Innovation Ecosystem - 2019-07-10
[Abstract]In order to understand the problems facing the science and technology innovation ecosystem, especially the institutional mechanism, a research group of China Center for International Economic Exchanges conducted fact-finding trips to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, Shenzhen, scientific research institutes, government departments and high-tech enterprises.
2019 21st Issue: Research on National Disruptive Innovation Strategies - 2019-07-03
[Abstract]Disruptive innovation is a revolutionary scientific and technological breakthrough characterized by radical changes in the way of life in human society, and brings great scientific, technological, economic and social values. It is an important force in the three industrial revolutions that promoted the progress of human history.
2019 20th Issue: Report on the Employment and Income in Henan Province - 2019-07-01
[Abstract]In recent years, the employment and income of Chinese people have been affected by slow economic growth and US-China trade friction. As a populated province in China, Henan has adopted a series of measures to promote employment and stabilize people’s income. Recently, a research team of China Center for International Economic Exchanges conducted fact-finding trips to Zhengzhou, Kaifeng and Luoyang to research on employment and income issues.
2019 19th Issue: Reform of the US Farm Bills in 2014 and 2018 - 2019-06-26
[Abstract]In the 1930s, faced with the economic crisis and global trade protectionism, the United States carried out a series of programs to intervene in the national economy, namely the “New Deal”. Part of the program was to support agriculture and consequently, the agricultural subsidy policy began to take shape. The main purpose is to increase agricultural productivity, expand the international market, and ensure food security by increasing agricultural production subsidies and export subsidies. The embryonic form of the US agricultural subsidy policy is mainly reflected in the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933. Around 1950, global agricultural products were oversupplied and agricultural prices fell sharply. In response, the US government began to increase agricultural subsidies. In 1970, the United States began to adopt the “target price – difference subsidy system”, which was fully implemented in 1977 through the Food and Agriculture Act. Since then, the US agricultural subsidy policy has been revised every five years according to the domestic and international situation. The 2014 Farm Bill is the 16th agricultural bill of the United States and was officially signed by Obama on February 7, 2014. The 2014 Act built the basic framework for US agricultural policy for 2014-2018, valid until the 2018 crop year. On December 20, 2018, President Trump signed the Agriculture Improvement Act 2018, which is valid until 2023. Compared with the previous agricultural bills, the 2014 bill has made major adjustments on budget and subsidy structure. The 2018 Agricultural Act basically continued the 2014 bill, and its adjustment will have an important impact on the world agricultural sector.