【Abstract】 There is broad convergence of interests between the “Belt and Road” (B&R) initiative and the “Juncker Plan”. For example, the outbound-going Chinese enterprises can help meet the infrastructure needs in Central and Eastern Europe, thereby improving connectivity between China and Europe. China’s import demand can be matched up with EU’s SMEs’ export capacity to help EU solve its unemployment problem. China’s production capacity can be combined with EU’s technology to jointly explore the third-party markets. Yet, problems such as Brexit, lack of institutional arrangements and EU’s refusal to recognize China’s full market economy status are challenges we face in docking the two initiatives. To get the two well connected, we need to build a multi-tiered cooperation mechanism, identify priority areas, foster cross-border value chains, build investment and financing platforms, and facilitate implementation of key projects.
【Abstract】Currently, CCIEE post-doctoral research group conducted a field trip to Goddess Matsu’s Birthplace, Putian County, in Fujian province. Where the group went, new outcomes of Digital Putian have generated from the policy of Digital Fujian that has been advocated by General Secretary Xi Jingping. According to Mr. Xi’s instruction to spread traditional Matsu Culture, World Matsu Culture Center, which is now under construction, is developing into spiritual home for followers living in the countries along the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. The unique geographic advantage of Putian Bay makes it an important place to strengthen Cross-Strait exchanges, to support the development of Belt and Road and to connect global community. The construction of beautiful Putian County has achieved initial success.
【Abstract】In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in China’s market-oriented price reform of natural gas, along with continuously increasing commercialization of natural gas. Although time windows have appeared in power generation and selling sides respectively and specific measures been made for power transmission and distribution, systematic barriers of scarce suppliers in up-stream and unfair access from regulatory network still remain. China should seize the optimal chances to advance systematic reform coordinately and comprehensively deepen price reform of natural gas through phased opening of residential and non-residential gas prices, gradually relaxing source gas price, promoting independent operation of natural gas regulatory network and fair access and speeding up reform of oil and gas system.
【Abstract】From 20 September to 24 September 2016, research group of Research in Outline for Development of Manufacturing Innovative Design went for field trips at London, Cambridge and Oxford in UK, doing research in UK’s design industry, design policy, design institutes and design education. British Government and its policies play an essential role in design field while favorable environment in design market pushes forward the sustainable development of design industry. Additionally, advanced design education system in UK affords us lessons that merit learning.
【Abstract】To defend cultural sovereignty, Germany stabilizes job market, pushes forward upgrade and transformation of traditional industries, replaces drivers for economic growth and takes great efforts to advance the development of design industry. German design industry features SMEs’ leadership and the increasing tendency that big cities spearhead with surrounding areas clustered. German government adopts a subdivision approach on design industry to integrate existing favorable policies and aid policies, along with other measures of establishing institutions for better instruction and service, actively expanding promotion, launching international design festival and cultivating design talents. There are lessons China can learn from Germany’s practice: supporting system for innovative design should be perfected; user-driven innovation is the foundation of innovative design; design education aims at providing talents for design industry; incubators provide designers with high-quality service.
【Abstract】That some land in cities where industrialization and urbanization are rapid has been heavily polluted by heavy metal, becomes great threat to the sustainable development of agriculture and civil health in China. Tangible treatment for polluted land should be taken. By planting heavy metal hyper-accumulators, Yuhu district in Xiangtan city accumulates experience on effective treatment and safe operation, which obtains great importance for nationwide application. It is suggested that Yuhu district should be set as national demonstration zone of treatment for heavy metal polluted land.
【Abstract】Since the current principle of new Sino-U.S. major-country relations is to advance healthy and long-term development of Sino-U.S. relations by maintaining close high-level communications and mechanic dialogue, continuously enhanced strategic trust, deepening the coordination and cooperation at bilateral, regional and global level and managing dispute and sensitive issue with constructive method, China’s engagement in construction of new Sino-U.S. major-country relations should put national safety and rights protection as bottom line, domestic sustainable economic growth and cultivation of new engine as priority, integrate policies and information sharing system as support and innovative global management as goal to boost the ties between China and the United States in the new period.
【Abstract】Educational principle, system and mode determine the quality of the education as well as direction for development, and ultimately the comprehensive competence of a country. On 23 September this year, investigating group went to Cambridge University in UK, doing research in its talent cultivation and design education. Cambridge University’s idea and critical thought of opening up, integration and directly facing business, innovative culture of challenging authority and compatibility, and innovative educational principle, system and mode are worth our learning.
【Abstract】Worldwide, development of think tanks shows following features: first, the number of think tanks around the world is growing annually, among which the majority of top 100 ones are located in developed countries and have great international influence; second, world-known think tanks engage into decision making of great event, making them an important symbol of a nation’s soft power; third, new think tanks of Chinese characters, which enjoy a rapid development, play an important role in international politics and demonstrate an increasing international influence; last but not least, international think tanks are more and more strategy-oriented, specialized, global, Internet-based, and engaged in the game for international discourse.
【Abstract】Deep reform of energy tax can efficiently reduce the social cost of energy use. Currently, there are numerous problems involved in energy tax reform waiting to be solved, including low legislation level, absence of system, stability and authority, imbalance between stressed supply side and neglected consumption side, unclear energy-saving and environment protection goals, unreasonable structure of tax and charging and improper distribution of profits in energy industry. Since energy tax reform is complex, it has to been advanced comprehensively, systematically and gradually.
【Abstract】Currently, despite of some challenges, India’s national development strategy that focuses on bolstering the areas of weakness through manufacturing has made notable progress. Taking India’s strategic demand into consideration, China should build up a consensus based on mutual benefit through deeper communications and exchanges. Strategy integration should be completed through project matching, promoting the integration of Belt and Road initiative and Monsoon Plan.
【Abstract】Over the years, Singapore has set up the processed oil trade center on its geographic advantage, seized the opportunity to put forward SLInG virtual price index and published LNG spot price along with fair oil and gas market access and supervision and regulation transparency. Such practice and experience are worthy of our studies and learning. During the construction of oil and gas trade platform, China should ensure an open market of fair competition, giving full play to resources, laws and systems and enhancing continuous innovation.
【Abstract】 For years, the United States has been abusing its Internet hegemony to steal data from users around the world, posing a serious threat to the information security of all countries. The US-dominated global cyberspace governance system is now being challenged. Looking ahead, the relationship between China and the US will hold the key to shaping the future cyberspace structure. China should act in conformity with this trend and put forward a new concept of “multi-stakeholder” cyberspace governance in line with its interests. China and the US need to properly manage their differences, deepen bilateral cooperation in the field of cyberspace, and build a new type of interdependent cyberspace relationship. China also needs to develop digital economy with full strength, establish a new order in the digital economy to lead the development of the new global economy, and build a strategic cyberspace system that is proactive and defensive to gain initiative in China’s cyber security.
【Abstract】How to gather wisdom and form decisions to act together on the critical issues of global governance is one of the important topics of the G20 Hangzhou Summit. CCIEE set up a research team to study “G20 China Year-related issues”, with focus on G20 and the sustainable development agenda, global trade revitalization plan, global investment agreement, global value chain, global governance reform prospect and G20’s institutions building to provide strong intellectual support to the G20 Hangzhou summit.
【Abstract】 Consumption continues to expand as China’s economy enters a new stage of development. Consumption level, quality, preferences and behaviors have all undergone significant changes while the pace of consumption upgrading has fastened. As an economically developed area, Beijing has been the country’s largest consumer market for eight consecutive years, and consumption has become the bedrock for Beijing’s steady economic growth. In actual practice, Beijing has achieved good results in deepening understanding of the law of the market and in upgrading consumption by taking targeted measures on both the supply and demand sides to “increase spending power, promote integrated consumption, strengthen weak consumption areas and expand consumption space”. Beijing has set a good example for other regions to follow in upgrading consumption and promoting supply-side structural reform.
【Abstract】Since the financial crisis, the international economy has been in a period of profound adjustment. With greater economic downward pressure, growth rates of investment and export from the “troika” slowed down and consumption maintained steady growth. For a long time, China's economic growth is overly dependent on investment, especially government investment, which results in structural inequalities in economic growth. At present, China has entered an important stage facing with constantly increasing customer demand, faster upgrade of consumption structure and stronger effect of consumption to drive economic growth. To fully release the consumption potential, new consumption pattern should be established, which adapts to the philosophy of innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development and promotes the sustained and healthy economic growth.
【Abstract】At present, China's housing market is faced with a serious mismatch between supply and demand. There are plenty of inventories in the supply side, especially the housing market in third and fourth-tier cities. However, on the demand side, particularly the lower-middle-income group which takes the migrant workers as main body, there is massive rigid demand. To realize government functions of protecting and improving people's livelihood in housing, and to lead the orderly and healthy development of real estate industry with market-oriented means, it is suggested to establish funds for lower-middle-income group to obtain housing loans. Serving as intermediate bodies, commercial banks can provide loan service in domestic branches, launching trails of housing loan securitization built on the said funds.
【Abstract】 At present, supply-side structural reform is central to China's economic and social development. As the world's most developed country, US has adopted supply-side structural reforms represented by Reaganomics and Obama’s middle class economics for decades. Although China’s and US supply-side structural reforms fundamentally differentiate in background, object, theoretical logic and core content, there are also many similarities such as stressing effect of microscopic body, attaching importance to the relationship between government and market and focusing on both current and long-term economic development.
【Abstract】 On 5 May 2015, CPC Central Committee and State Council issued the Opinions on the Construction of New Open Economy System, and put forward overall requirements for building a new open economy. At the end of April 2016, authorized by Economic and Ecological Civilization System Project Group of Central Leading Group for Deepening Overall Reform, China Center for International Economic Exchanges made an evaluation on the progress of building a new open economy. According to the assessment, the whole country has positively responded to the proposal, and has seriously implemented policies and trails. Generally, everything goes well and remarkable progress has been made in foreign investment management, foreign trade sustainable development, coastal border inland opening up, Belt and Road initiative alignment, international cooperation on production capacity, free trade zone construction and financial system opening up.
【Abstract】 Since the reform and opening up, China's outward foreign direct investment policy has gradually shifted from the one of rigid limits to the one with encouragement and support, driving outward direct investment into rapid development. However, China's outward foreign direct investment policy is faced with problems such as a lack of uniform legislation, bull management and little target. Improvement of China's outward foreign direct investment policy requires faster legislation for outward investment, establishment of independent management institutions, implementation of more feasible instructional strategies and improvement of bilateral and multilateral security system.
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